Brazza, Pierre Savorgnan de

   Born in Castel Gandolfo, near Rome, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza was of Italian origin. He studied at the French naval academy (1868-70) and was later (1874) granted French citizenship. Beginning in 1875, he undertook several expeditions in Africa, during which he explored the estuaries of the Gabon and Ogooue Rivers. This brought him to the region north and west of the Congo, which he claimed for France (1879-82). He then founded a settlement that became the city of Brazzaville (see AFRICA, FRENCH IN; BERLIN CONFERENCE). From 1887 to 1897, Brazza served as commissioner general of the region (French Congo), which was declared a French protectorate. Among the native population, he gained a reputation for his sense of fairness and equality. His explorations, however, also helped to stimulate the rush by major European powers to claim African territory during the last decades of the 19th century.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza — photographed by Paul Nadar. Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà, best known as Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza (Castel Gandolfo (Rome), January 26, 1852 Dakar September 14, 1905), was a Franco Italian explorer, born in Italy and… …   Wikipedia

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  • Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza — Graf Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (* 26. Januar 1852 in Rom; † 14. September 1905 in Dakar, Senegal) war ein französischer Marineoffizier und Afrikareisender italienischer Herkunft. Brazza entstammte einem alten Adelsgeschle …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brazza, Pierre Paul Francois Camille Savorgnan de — (1852–1905)    A Franco Italian naval officer, explorer, and colonial official in Equatorial Africa. Although born into an Italian noble family, he enrolled in the French naval academy in Brest and became a French citizen in 1874. Because of the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Brazza, Pierre de — ▪ French explorer in full  Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza  born Jan. 26, 1852, near Rome died Sept. 14, 1905, Dakar, Senegal, French West Africa [Senegal]       Italian born French explorer and colonial administrator who founded …   Universalium

  • Brazza, Pierre (-Paul-François-Camille) Savorgnan de — born Jan. 26, 1852, near Rome [Italy] died Sept. 14, 1905, Dakar, Seneg., French West Africa French explorer and colonial administrator. Born to Italian nobility in Brazil, he joined the French navy. In 1875–78 he explored the Ogooué River (in… …   Universalium

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